The myth of the Aryan invasion of India – II

 - Prof.S.M.Khodke

Former Vice President, Akhil Bharatiya Satyashodhak Samaj, Akota District, Maharashtra

Swami B.V.Giri:

In his essay, ‘The Aryan Invasion’, argues that there is no hard evidence to prove the Aryan Invasion theory and that nowhere in the Vedas, Puranas or Itihasas there is  any mention of a migration or invasion of any kind. He argues further that the hypothesis of the Aryan invasion of the Indian sub-continent was based upon references in the Vedas pointing to a conflict between the light-skinned Aryans and the dark-skinned Dasyus. In the end Mr. Giri conveniently and cunningly dismisses the Vedas as ‘nothing more than a series of poetic tales about the skirmishes between two barbaric tribes.’

So far we have dealt with the arguments of the main critics of the Aryan Invasion theory viz. Mr.M.S.Elphinstone, Prof. G.F.Dales and Swami B.V.Giril. The objectives or the motivations of all the three scholars, however, were different. While the motives of Mr.M.S.Elphinstone and Prof. G.F.Dales were purely academic, the motive of  Swami B.V.Giri, a Brahmin scholar, was not so. Mr.Giri had an ulterior motive; he wanted to establish the racial superiority of the Brahmins and also to prove that the Arya-Brahmins were not outsiders, but the original inhabitants of India. That is why he ruled out any possibility of the immigration of the Indo-Aryans into India.

Swami B.V.Giri pretends to decry Max Mueller’s Aryan race and Aryan invasion theories and also purposely points out the dangers of such theories when he says, “The political and nationalist groups in Germany and France exploited this racial phenomenon to propogate the supremacy of an assumed Aryan race of white people. Later, Adolf Hitler used this ideology to the extreme for his political hegemony and his barbaric crusade to terrorize the Jews, the Slavs and other racial minorities, culminating in the holocaust of  millions of innocent people1.”

Swami B.V.Giri, obviously a partisan of the Brahmins, as his very title ‘Swami’ indicates, doesn’t realize the flaw in his argument. He cannot have the best of both the worlds. If the Brahmins are proved to be Aryans coming from Persia, as he suggests, they are ‘outsiders’ in this country. If they are not outsiders, they are not Aryans and cannot, therefore, claim racial superiority over other races in this country. The two claims of Swami Giri are thus mutually exclusive and totally incompatible with each other.

The Brahmin Scholars’ reaction to the Aryan Invasion theory:

As said by us earlier, when Mr. Max Mueller first put forth his Aryan race theory, the Brahmins not only readily accepted it but at once appropriated it because it gave them a new racial identity. Puffed up by this new but false racial identity, B.G.Tilak, a leader of the Brahmins, enthusiastically traced the origin of the Vedas and of his Brahmin community not to Central Asia but further north in the Arctic region and then further still to the North pole! He could as well have traced them to heaven and still it would have been in consonance with the belief of the Brahmins that they are the Bhudevas i.e., the gods on the earth!2

Obviously Mr. B.G.Tilak here betrayed his poor knowledge of geography. His disciple, Mr.Golwalkar Guruji, the then Chief of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (R.S.S.), when asked about Tilak’s statement quoted above, replied that, when Tilak wrote, the North pole was somewhere in the Bihar State of India, but since then it changed its position and has not reached its present position! Like Master like disciple! And still the conceited Brahmins brag of being world teachers. (God save the world from such braggarts and such teachers!)

Mr.B..V.Giri still calls B.G.Tilak ‘ a scholar’ and says – “Based on literary analysis, many scholars including B.G.Tilak, Dayanand Saraswati and Aurobindo Ghosh dismissed any idea of an Aryan invasion. They asked, for example, “If the Aryans were foreign invaders, why is it that they don’t name places outside of India as their religious sites? and why do the Vedas glorify only places within India?  3

Here Mr.B.V.Giri is lying and misleading and confusing his readers. The truth is that B.G.Tilak had earlier accepted the Aryan Invasion theory and had even affirmed that the Indo-Aryans who invaded India had their original home in the Arctic region! But, when Mahatma Jotirao Phule, the great revolutionary who represented the 19th century rennaisance in India, told the Brahmins bluntly that, by their own admission, they were ‘outsiders’ and not the original inhabitants of India. B.G.Tilak at once changed his stance and, taking a U-turn on this issue, as the Brahmins always do, made vain attempts to prove that the Brahmins were the original inhabitants of India! Dayanand Saraswati and Aurobindo Ghosh also sided with Tilak. And Mr.Giri always tried to support Mr.Tilak and company in their attempt to change their positions on this issue. This is how the Brahmins always change their colours like the chameleon. They speak with hundred tongues and often take diametrically opposite stands on every issue.

My grounds for opposing the Aryan Invasion theory:

Besides the reasons adduced by Mr. M.S.Elphinstone, Prof. G.F.Dales and Swami B.V.Giri against the Aryan Invasion theory, I have my own reasons for opposing this theory. My contention is that the Aryans were no invaders. They didn’t invade India; they just peacefully immigrated into this country as nomadic tribes.

In the Rigvedic period the Brahmins performed a vain and meaningless ritual called ‘Yajna’ which, according to them, was the symbol of their Vedic-Brahminc religion. In this ritual they built a pit and burned wood and several aromatic materials in the fire. Before starting the Yagna the priests invoked their gods and deities – Agni (Fire), Vayu (Wind), Indra (the chief of the gods), Usha (Dawn), Varun (Rain) – the various powers of nature which they worshipped as deities. In their invocations,  the Brahmin priests chanted hymns in praise of their deities. They sacrificed calves, bulls and other animals to their deities and feasted on their flesh at the end of the Yajnas. They also offered prayers to their various deities. They prayed to Indra, the chief of the gods, to protect their Yajna from their enemies – the Asuras, the Rakshasas and the Dasyus, the aboringals of India.  They also prayed to their deities to protect them, their wives and childrten and their livestock. And they prayed to the deities to give them cows, horses, wealth and a long life.

We can conclude from the nature of the ritual of Yajna described above that the Aryans of the Vedic period were neither valiant warriors not militant aggressive people; they were rather meek, weak and cowardly people who were unable to protect themselves,their families and their Yajna, and who lived under a constant fear of being attacked by their enemies, the aboriginal clans of India.

My point is that the brave or the strong don’t pray for protection; they know how to defend and protect themselves. Besides this, the strong don’t beg for anything; they just fight and grab things from their enemy by force. Praying for protection, for cows, wealth and children is nothing but begging. Invaders are no beggars and beggars cannot be called invaders. Invaders are strong, brave, valiant, aggressive people, armed with superior weapons, ever ready to attack and to fight.

But the Aryans of the Vedic period didn’t know any weapons other than the bow and the arrow. They didn’t know iron. So they didn’t know sword, shield or dagger and, therefore, even today there are no words in their Sanskrit for ‘sword’, ‘shield’, or ‘dagger’. Sanskrit, however, abounds in words for imaginary weapons, such as Sudarshan Chakra, Agniban, Parjanyastra, Brahmastra and certain organic weapons like emitting fire or wind from the mouth.

The Vedas also say that ‘a Brahmin shall never wield a weapon.’ This means the Brahmins admit they are not brave or militant people and cannot, therefore, wield a weapon or fight. But the Brahmins never admit their weakness, and often make a virtue of necessity. Instead of admitting they cannot wield weapons, they say they don’t believe in violence! If the Aryans had really invaded India, they would not have written in the Vedas that ‘a Brahmin shall never wield a weapon.’ This also proves that the Aryans never invaded India.

The evidence elaborated so far clearly prove that the Indo-Aryans were not invaders; they were just immigrants who entered this country as nomadic tribes  in search of new pastures for their cattle and a favourable land for their habitation. They story of Aryan invasion of India is, therefore, utterly baseless and imaginary; it is a myth.

The Brahmins are, however, notorious for their cunningness. What they cannot achieve by force, they secure by fraudulent means and cunning. For example, they cunningly fabricated the mythical stories of the genocide of the Kshatriyas by Parashuram or the false story of their Waman defeating King Bali of India.

Dr. Malati Shendge  rightly says, “when the Aryans came and tried to settle, the move was resisted by the local population. But the end was finally achieved through cunning and strategy”. The  reason why the Brahmins are so cunning is aptly expressed by the great American poet, Ralph Waldo Emerson, in the following lines:

“He who has no hands, must peforce
to use his tongue, Foxes  are so cunning,
because they are not strong”.
(Concluded)

References:

1.     Giri, Swami B.V., His essay – ‘The Aryan Invasion’.
2.     Tilak, Bal Gangadhar, ‘The Arctic Home of the Vedas’.
3.     Giri, Swami B.V., His essay ‘The Aryan Invasion’.
 

Our duty today – Periyar E.V. Ramasamy

(An Explanatory Note: Periyar says Brahmin domination and exploitation ensues from two factors : One they rule the minds of the people by propagating ideas of god, religion and scriptures that assign them a privileged position in society. Secondy, they have undue hold on the executive, the judiciary and the administration by denying others their due share in those branches. Periyar fought on both those fronts. K.Kamaraj, who was the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu between 1954 and 1963 remained non-committal regarding the first issue. But regarding the second one, he followed a firm course that helped to uplift the historically disadvantaged and the servile classes. He gave them education and employment. So Periyar appealed to his followers to support Kamaraj's government wholeheartedly.)

The harm done by Brahmins in our country is something found no where else in the world. The harm arises out of one's birth in a (lower) caste. The pain and suffering the Tamil society undergoes is like that of a consumptive being affected, in addition, by leprosy and cancer.

The suffering we undergo is due to our allowing the British rulers to quit the country without making proper arrangements (safeguards). In this ‘so-called’ independent land, we do not have the (beneficial) life that we had when we were not free. Let me give a suitable example to explain the difference between the free life under the British rule and the nature of life under the Brahmin rule. The owner of a company has two groups of animals. One set of animals are harmless, they do not injure or kill others. The other group of animals are ferocious, and carnivorous. The proprietor of the circus company keeps them apart locking them in separate cases. But members of the Association of Compassion agitate against the animals being locked up. They compel the owner to hand over the keys and go away. The agitators unlock the cages and allow the different kinds of animals to roam freely. As a result, the elephants, horses, goats, cows etc. have become prey to lions, tigers, leopards, wolves, fox etc. The welfare that we experienced as subjugated citizens of the alien rulers could not be experienced now as free citizens under the Brahmin rule. We still remain servile subjects.

The Tamils cannot understand the foolishness, indignity, and the shamefulness of their servile condition They are so 'seasoned' as not to be ashamed and be pained (of their fallen status). Being so conditioned, they think living by grabbing the crumbs thrown away makes life more comfortable than living by their own labour as dignified citizens.

(By their own claim) the Brahmins belong to a different (Aryan) race. In Tamil Nadu they form three percent of the population. Tamils (Dravi-dians)  are the natives of this land. They constitute 97 per cent. It is only natural and just that Tamils should have a hold over others. But those who constitute 97 percent of the population are treated by the other three per cent as servile and undignified people by birth, that too for several centuries together! What is the reason? They are caught in the coils of the very small minority's cunning device (of varna-Jaathi, caste system), and consider many among their own people as of low birth and treat them as such.

Though a very small minority, the alien Brahmins (Paarpanar) have disciplined racial affinity and are serious about retaining their superior status and comfortable living. By daringly doing even improper deeds and by adopting the four devices they have in their favour god, religion, scripture and the government – the executive, judiciary and administration. So they are able to tackle any kind of opposition and safeguard their superior position and comfortable living. (Translator's note: The four devices of overcoming the adversaries are:

(1) Saama, friendly attempt,

(2) Beda, creating division,

(3) Dhaana, material inducement,

(4) Dhanda punishment.)

 Though a few among this 97 percent of the population are aware of this low status (of the Tamils), they are slaves in the fields mentioned above, and have no unity among them. So the Brahmin domination continues. Those few who come forward to change this condition have to work, till their last breath, (1) for the eradication of the ideas about god, religion and scripture (that sanctify Brahmin superiority and division of society on the basis of caste), and  (2) for gaining power in government (executive, judiciary and administration).

Without accomplishing these two tasks, our attempts to change our indignity and low condition will only strengthen and benefit our foes who are enjoying superior status and comfortable life. Regarding our task of abolishing the prevailing ideas on god, religion and scripture, and getting rid of the government (rule) that protects them, our movement (Dravidar Kazhagam) is now mainly engaged in abolishing the ideas and beliefs. Regarding government, Tamil Nadu is now under Kamaraj's rule. We not only think it unnecessary to get rid of his rule, but also consider it necessary to safeguard the same from being toppled by Brahmins. Not only the members of our movement but also all the Tamils should understand this situation.

When I express this opinion, Tamil people may consider it strange, and may also be dissatisfied. The ideas on god, religion and scripture are formed by the Brahmins to serve their interests. The government is also under their authority (influence). That being so, the people may think, why should we spare the government. They may wonder why I take such a stand?

 I want to explain my position by an example. Though I ask you to get rid of what are usually hailed as our great literary works, I appeal to you to follow Thiru Kural (an ancient non-sectarian Tamil work on ethics by Thiru Valluvar). Why?

We do not agree in toto with everything said in Thiru Kural. Yet it contains several very good ideas that will benefit us. It is for this reason our foes do not consider it one among their literary works, may they oppose, ignore and hate Thiru Kural.

Normally, you can see Brahmins preaching and propagating what are said in Bhagavatha, Ramayana, Maha Bharata, Gita etc. Have you ever seen them doing the same with Thiru Kural? They neither quote it nor use it to explain a point. This practice clearly shows which literary work is beneficial to us, and which is not.

Again, before we began to speak in praise of Thiru Kural, Brahmins did not hate it. But they had interpreted the Kural verses (couplets) in such a way as to make its readers servile to them. After we had given the correct or real meaning, they had brushed Kural aside. Not only that, they and Sankaracharis’ (their religious leaders) have begun to propagate with greater vigour the Brahmin literary works, viz. Maha Bharata, Ramayana, Bhagavatha and Gita. From this, as intelligent people, we have to understand the following aspects: Things beneficial to us are opposed to the interests of Brahmins, our foes. Things that serve the interests of Brahmins are those we have to abolish. This is as true as the brightness of the noonday sun and the pitch darkness of a moonless night! One who does not realise this is as ignorant as he is blind.

All the Brahmins consider that the present government in Tamil Nadu (under the Chief Ministership of Kamaraj) is harmful to them and that it should be removed. They also take enormous efforts to remove the Congress Party (that has formed the Government in Tamil Nadu) and the leader of the party, Jawaharlal Nehru. In their effort to bring down the present rule of Kamaraj the whole Brahmin community is united – men and women – young and old, their religious heads, political leaders, administrators, judges and others. The traitors to our race who have to exist at the mercy of the Brahmins have also joined them. They have all gathered together, are rising like a storm and striving hard to overthrow the rule of Kamaraj.

To eradicate racial indignity and to remove the obstacles to our progress, we should annihilate the ideas on god, religion and scriptures favourable to Brahmins. We should also work hard to strengthen the present Tamil Nadu Government under Kamaraj, which the Brahmins are bent on destroying.

(Excerpts from ‘Viduthalai’ editorial dated
12th December 1960. Translation by G.V.K. Aasaan.)