Former Vice President, Akhil Bharatiya Satyashodhak Samaj, Akota District, Maharashtra
In his essay, ‘The Aryan Invasion’, argues that there is no hard evidence to prove the Aryan Invasion theory and that nowhere in the Vedas, Puranas or Itihasas there is any mention of a migration or invasion of any kind. He argues further that the hypothesis of the Aryan invasion of the Indian sub-continent was based upon references in the Vedas pointing to a conflict between the light-skinned Aryans and the dark-skinned Dasyus. In the end Mr. Giri conveniently and cunningly dismisses the Vedas as ‘nothing more than a series of poetic tales about the skirmishes between two barbaric tribes.’
So far we have dealt with the arguments of the main critics of the Aryan Invasion theory viz. Mr.M.S.Elphinstone, Prof. G.F.Dales and Swami B.V.Giril. The objectives or the motivations of all the three scholars, however, were different. While the motives of Mr.M.S.Elphinstone and Prof. G.F.Dales were purely academic, the motive of Swami B.V.Giri, a Brahmin scholar, was not so. Mr.Giri had an ulterior motive; he wanted to establish the racial superiority of the Brahmins and also to prove that the Arya-Brahmins were not outsiders, but the original inhabitants of India. That is why he ruled out any possibility of the immigration of the Indo-Aryans into India.
Swami B.V.Giri pretends to decry Max Mueller’s Aryan race and Aryan invasion theories and also purposely points out the dangers of such theories when he says, “The political and nationalist groups in Germany and France exploited this racial phenomenon to propogate the supremacy of an assumed Aryan race of white people. Later, Adolf Hitler used this ideology to the extreme for his political hegemony and his barbaric crusade to terrorize the Jews, the Slavs and other racial minorities, culminating in the holocaust of millions of innocent people1.”
Swami B.V.Giri, obviously a partisan of the Brahmins, as his very title ‘Swami’ indicates, doesn’t realize the flaw in his argument. He cannot have the best of both the worlds. If the Brahmins are proved to be Aryans coming from Persia, as he suggests, they are ‘outsiders’ in this country. If they are not outsiders, they are not Aryans and cannot, therefore, claim racial superiority over other races in this country. The two claims of Swami Giri are thus mutually exclusive and totally incompatible with each other.
The Brahmin Scholars’ reaction to the Aryan Invasion theory:
As said by us earlier, when Mr. Max Mueller first put forth his Aryan race theory, the Brahmins not only readily accepted it but at once appropriated it because it gave them a new racial identity. Puffed up by this new but false racial identity, B.G.Tilak, a leader of the Brahmins, enthusiastically traced the origin of the Vedas and of his Brahmin community not to Central Asia but further north in the Arctic region and then further still to the North pole! He could as well have traced them to heaven and still it would have been in consonance with the belief of the Brahmins that they are the Bhudevas i.e., the gods on the earth!2
Obviously Mr. B.G.Tilak here betrayed his poor knowledge of geography. His disciple, Mr.Golwalkar Guruji, the then Chief of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (R.S.S.), when asked about Tilak’s statement quoted above, replied that, when Tilak wrote, the North pole was somewhere in the Bihar State of India, but since then it changed its position and has not reached its present position! Like Master like disciple! And still the conceited Brahmins brag of being world teachers. (God save the world from such braggarts and such teachers!)
Mr.B..V.Giri still calls B.G.Tilak ‘ a scholar’ and says – “Based on literary analysis, many scholars including B.G.Tilak, Dayanand Saraswati and Aurobindo Ghosh dismissed any idea of an Aryan invasion. They asked, for example, “If the Aryans were foreign invaders, why is it that they don’t name places outside of India as their religious sites? and why do the Vedas glorify only places within India? 3
Here Mr.B.V.Giri is lying and misleading and confusing his readers. The truth is that B.G.Tilak had earlier accepted the Aryan Invasion theory and had even affirmed that the Indo-Aryans who invaded India had their original home in the Arctic region! But, when Mahatma Jotirao Phule, the great revolutionary who represented the 19th century rennaisance in India, told the Brahmins bluntly that, by their own admission, they were ‘outsiders’ and not the original inhabitants of India. B.G.Tilak at once changed his stance and, taking a U-turn on this issue, as the Brahmins always do, made vain attempts to prove that the Brahmins were the original inhabitants of India! Dayanand Saraswati and Aurobindo Ghosh also sided with Tilak. And Mr.Giri always tried to support Mr.Tilak and company in their attempt to change their positions on this issue. This is how the Brahmins always change their colours like the chameleon. They speak with hundred tongues and often take diametrically opposite stands on every issue.
My grounds for opposing the Aryan Invasion theory:
Besides the reasons adduced by Mr. M.S.Elphinstone, Prof. G.F.Dales and Swami B.V.Giri against the Aryan Invasion theory, I have my own reasons for opposing this theory. My contention is that the Aryans were no invaders. They didn’t invade India; they just peacefully immigrated into this country as nomadic tribes.
In the Rigvedic period the Brahmins performed a vain and meaningless ritual called ‘Yajna’ which, according to them, was the symbol of their Vedic-Brahminc religion. In this ritual they built a pit and burned wood and several aromatic materials in the fire. Before starting the Yagna the priests invoked their gods and deities – Agni (Fire), Vayu (Wind), Indra (the chief of the gods), Usha (Dawn), Varun (Rain) – the various powers of nature which they worshipped as deities. In their invocations, the Brahmin priests chanted hymns in praise of their deities. They sacrificed calves, bulls and other animals to their deities and feasted on their flesh at the end of the Yajnas. They also offered prayers to their various deities. They prayed to Indra, the chief of the gods, to protect their Yajna from their enemies – the Asuras, the Rakshasas and the Dasyus, the aboringals of India. They also prayed to their deities to protect them, their wives and childrten and their livestock. And they prayed to the deities to give them cows, horses, wealth and a long life.
We can conclude from the nature of the ritual of Yajna described above that the Aryans of the Vedic period were neither valiant warriors not militant aggressive people; they were rather meek, weak and cowardly people who were unable to protect themselves,their families and their Yajna, and who lived under a constant fear of being attacked by their enemies, the aboriginal clans of India.
My point is that the brave or the strong don’t pray for protection; they know how to defend and protect themselves. Besides this, the strong don’t beg for anything; they just fight and grab things from their enemy by force. Praying for protection, for cows, wealth and children is nothing but begging. Invaders are no beggars and beggars cannot be called invaders. Invaders are strong, brave, valiant, aggressive people, armed with superior weapons, ever ready to attack and to fight.
But the Aryans of the Vedic period didn’t know any weapons other than the bow and the arrow. They didn’t know iron. So they didn’t know sword, shield or dagger and, therefore, even today there are no words in their Sanskrit for ‘sword’, ‘shield’, or ‘dagger’. Sanskrit, however, abounds in words for imaginary weapons, such as Sudarshan Chakra, Agniban, Parjanyastra, Brahmastra and certain organic weapons like emitting fire or wind from the mouth.
The Vedas also say that ‘a Brahmin shall never wield a weapon.’ This means the Brahmins admit they are not brave or militant people and cannot, therefore, wield a weapon or fight. But the Brahmins never admit their weakness, and often make a virtue of necessity. Instead of admitting they cannot wield weapons, they say they don’t believe in violence! If the Aryans had really invaded India, they would not have written in the Vedas that ‘a Brahmin shall never wield a weapon.’ This also proves that the Aryans never invaded India.
The evidence elaborated so far clearly prove that the Indo-Aryans were not invaders; they were just immigrants who entered this country as nomadic tribes in search of new pastures for their cattle and a favourable land for their habitation. They story of Aryan invasion of India is, therefore, utterly baseless and imaginary; it is a myth.
The Brahmins are, however, notorious for their cunningness. What they cannot achieve by force, they secure by fraudulent means and cunning. For example, they cunningly fabricated the mythical stories of the genocide of the Kshatriyas by Parashuram or the false story of their Waman defeating King Bali of India.
Dr. Malati Shendge rightly says, “when the Aryans came and tried to settle, the move was resisted by the local population. But the end was finally achieved through cunning and strategy”. The reason why the Brahmins are so cunning is aptly expressed by the great American poet, Ralph Waldo Emerson, in the following lines:
“He who has no hands, must peforce
to use his tongue, Foxes are so cunning,
because they are not strong”.
1. Giri, Swami B.V., His essay – ‘The Aryan Invasion’.
2. Tilak, Bal Gangadhar, ‘The Arctic Home of the Vedas’.
3. Giri, Swami B.V., His essay ‘The Aryan Invasion’.