CLEANING OF RIVER WATERS IN INDIA
Water is one of the basic needs for the survival of all the living beings of this world. Clean water is an essential need for a human society. Therefore unsparing efforts unmindful of the exorbitant cost it may require have to be given top priority. It is because, clean water is not a luxury or a comfort but it is a basic need. The Government’s top priority, therefore should be assigned to this issue.
The issues related to the ecological integrity of rivers are found out, which are encroachment of flood plains, construction of hydroelectric power projects and the flow of residual waste water from the industries. These are a few of the most obvious factors that spoil the river water.
The new Ganga Act by the Government has enacted laws such as a fine for those who pollute the river, ensuring continuous flow of river water, sustainable financial model to stop the polluted water entering the river, regulating hydroelectric projects and flood plain managements etc.
The Governments have earlier miserably failed in their attempts to revive the river to its original glory. Financial insufficiency of even Governments is a major setback to complete this project they depend on the State Governments, and donations from the public and the industries to complete this project.
After 66 years of independence, India is still struggling to clean up the water of one of the major rivers on which 40 per cent of her population depends. The major blame is on the assigning priorities to national issues both by the governments and the citizens. It is estimated that one tenth of the properties of a single temple in India which is kept lying wasted in the locked vaults and the strong rooms, is more than sufficient for this project.
The governments alone are not to be blamed for such lack of will to perform but also the inbuilt strong hold of superstitions of the people. There is no doubt that wrong priorities are the main cause for this debacle.
Now comes the importance of the linking of rivers in India. The water that flows into the sea every year is more than sufficient to meet the water needs of the country. There have been several blocks to implement the linking of river waters AND THE FIRST OF THEM IS THE MENTAL BLOCK OF CERTAIN SECTIONS WITH VESTED INTERESTS. Ecological imbalance, enormous amount of money required, equitable distribution of water and land to be acquired for this project are cited as the stumbling blocks, but considering the long term benefits for the major portion of our irrigati0on and portable water, such setbacks are surmountable.
LINKING OF THE RIVERS ALONE CAN SOLVE THE PROBLEMS OF WATER INSUFFICIENCY OF THE COUNTRY ONCE FOR ALL. Water getting polluted because of stagnation can be easily solved with the linking of rivers. The scientists and the ecologists have warned us that if there is going to be another world war it would be on sharing of waters among nations.
This warning is applicable to India also in one way. LINKING OF RIVER WATERS IS GOING TO BE THE MOST URGENT NEED which may require concerted efforts from all of us. Let us not wait till it becomes too late.
Despite the so called advancement, witnessed in many fields of Indian economy, the traditional profession viz. agriculture remains commercially unviable for the peasantry. 66 years of the political independence of the country still faces suicides of the farmers in large numbers. The situation depicts, the perennial disease still persists in the inner core portion, even though the economy looks bright externally. Without curing the inner core disease, the economic progress and prosperity can not be attained..
Water is the basic and essential input to perform agriculture. Major extent of arable land still remains rainfed. The natural sunshine is available throughout the year and it is a major advantage to Indian farming. But the rainfed – arable land holdings must be converted into irrigated. Extending the area of irrigated farming will prosper the respective farmers. In fact water scarcity is not the problem of the economy.
Water is available in plenty. Every year floods swallow many human lives besides the ultimate reach of flood water to the destination of sea as utter waste. Production is not the problem of the Indian agriculture. Formulation of policy and planning with its committed execution is lacking. Floods and droughts are the integral features of the economy in the same year but in different areas.
If the excess water at the time of floods and heavy rains is diverted to drought hit pockets, the twin purposes viz. loss in the flood affected areas may be arrested and gains in the drought hit areas may be ensured. The available water resources could be utilized effectively to the advantage of agricultural practices. Suicidal deaths could be arrested besides enhancing the standard of living of the peasantry, majority of whom are living below the poverty line.
The occurrence of floods and droughts in the different territories of Indian sub-continent has become permanent phenomenon. Blasting out this phenomenon could be carried on only through Linking of Interstate Rivers. That is the dire need; top most in the priority of development agenda in a phased manner. National integration is the parrot language of many political parties at all India level.
Instead of imposing one language on the rest others , thereby attempting to bring national integration, it can be achieved through the other way i.e. Linking of Inter State Rivers. The resultant effect of economic prosperity will bring the real national integration in the country. The issues of Linking Inter State Rivers have been discussed sufficiently during the past. It is apt time to crystallise it and execute . May the new political team which has assumed the national governance initiate the move ?