(Dr. K.Veeramani, President, Dravidar Kazhagam met the Chairman and Members of the Parliamentary Committee on the Welfare of Other Backward Classes on 29th September 2012 at Chennai and presented a Memorandum and the text of the Memorandum is as follows)
29th September 2012
The Chairman & Members
Parliamentary Committee on the Welfare of
Other Backward Classes
Camp @ Chennai
We congratulate the Chairman and Members of the Parliamentary Committee for OBCs, for choosing your first visit to Chennai, the capital of Social Justice and privileged to extend my greetings to all of you from this Land of Periyar – Tamil Nadu that has provided 50% reservation for OBCs besides 19% reservation for SCs/STs.
More than a decade old demand for constituting a Parliamentary Committee for OBCs has been considered by the present UPA Government and approved by the Parliament unanimously is a significant step towards creating a mechanism to monitor the implementation of 27% reservation to OBCs both in education and employment and further the advancement of the OBCs.
Constitutional Powers to NCBC:
We are delighted to note that within a short span of time, the Committee for OBCs discussed and submitted a report to the Parliament for providing constitutional powers to National Commission for Backward Classes. We earnestly request that the Committee members pursue the implementation of the above recommendation at the earliest so that NCBC functions effectively for the advancement of OBCs.
Discussion with OBC welfare associations:
We understand that the Committee apart from taking up certain policy issues, has also undertaken visits to certain centres to meet the Department officials for an interaction with them on the implementation of reservation policy and other related issues.
We appreciate this effort and we would be happy that prior to such meetings, it is very much essential that the Committee invites the representatives of OBC welfare associations so that their views and grievances in those departments can be understood and properly addressed.
As we hear that in some of the departments, despite our OBC candidates securing cut off marks of generalist posts, they are limited to 27% reservation. This is a serious matter that has to be looked into by the Committee while perusing the roster maintained by the departments. All these areas will be exposed if the Committee interacts with the OBC representatives. We are sure that you will consider this proposal favourably.
Reservation in promotion for OBC:
In view of the recent judgment of Supreme Court restricting reservation in promotion for SCs / STs, Government has placed a bill in Rajya Sabha for continuance of the provision, which was not passed so far.
Simultaneously, there is a demand from OBC MPs as well as OBC employees’ associations across the country that the bill should be brought by the Government to provide reservation in promotion for OBCs also as they are not adequately represented in the services of the Government. Our Committee should consider this genuine demand, in line with the provisions of Art.16(4) and make necessary recommendations to the Government to bring a bill soon.
Reservation in Judiciary:
The statistics shows that in judiciary, the representation of OBCs is very negligible in the High Courts and more so in the Supreme Court. The system that the people of this country hopes to get justice, itself, do not represent the different sections of the people is another great injustice that has to be done away with at the earliest, for which the Committee should seriously discuss in the coming days and to address the same.
Reservation in private sector, the need of the hour:
While the job opportunities in public sector are slowly dwindling, the only hope for the people is the private sector. But the private sector fully dominated by the upper castes in top positions does not follow any principle in providing job opportunities to the deprived sections.
In the name of ‘merit”, they try to disown their social responsibility. At the same time, they avail the concessions and facilities including loans from the government. It is very much the need of the hour that the Committee take up this matter seriously and impress upon the Government to bring suitable legislation so that the private sector provides reservation to OBCs as well as SCs / STs.
The State Governments should be allowed to fix the quantum of reservation to OBCs in the State:
The composition of various communities of Backward and other classes, their population, and their socio, educational backwardness differ from State to State, owing to the natural difference between their historical background, geographical position. language and culture. We feel that it would be fitting and justified, if the State Governments are allowed to fix the quantum of reservation to OBCs in their States.
Removal of the ceiling of 50% on reservations fixed by the Supreme Court through Constitutional Amendment:
The Supreme Court of India have fixed a ceiling of 50% for reservations in education and employment for all people of depressed and oppressed communities including SCs, STs and OBCs. This is not fair. In many States the population of SCs, STs, OBCs are much more than 80% of the total population.
Moreover people of these communities were denied opportunities for education and employment traditionally for thousands of years. The people of forward communities who form part a minority of less than 20% of the total population are enjoying all along almost all the fruits of education and employment.
Under these circumstances, the fixation of any ceiling for reservation to these communities is not reasonable and justifiable. We therefore request that steps may please be taken to remove this ceiling for reservation, even through a Constitutional Amendment, if need be.
Ceiling of income fixed for getting the benefits of reservation in the name of Creamy Layer must be totally removed.
The reservations for OBCs were introduced in employment only from 1993 and in education only from 2007 by the Government of India. These people of OBCs are kept traditionally socially and educationally backward for centuries together.
Mere attainment of economic development do not liberate them from the social and educational backwardness. Fixation of ceiling of income to get the benefits of reservation will deny them the benefits of reservation and thus throw them and their wards back in the social and educational backwardness. We therefore request that the income ceiling i.e. Creamy Layer Concept should be totally given up.
The quantum of 27% reservation in education and employment in Central Services provided for OBCs by the Government of India must be raised:
The population of the people belonging to OBCs are more than 65-70% of the total population of our country. The quantum of 27% reservation provided for OBCs is most inadequate, considering their long suffering and denial of education and employment opportunities for thousands of years. We therefore request that the quantum of reservation of 27% may be raised at least to 50%.
Giving up the decision of the Government of India to conduct a Common National Level Entrance Test for admission of students to professional colleges:
Making the students, studying under different Universities and Boards of Education in different regional languages, to compete with each other is not reasonable and justifiable.
They can not be and should not be equated through a Common Entrance Test. We therefore request that the decision of the Ministry of HRD of Government of India for conduct of a Common National Level Entrance Test for admission of students to professional colleges, especially the decision of the Indian Medical Council to conduct entrance test to Medical Colleges, must be given up totally.
Reservation to students of OBCs for admission in the All India Medical Education Institutions:
Reservation is given to students of SCs and STs for admission in All India Medical Education Institutions, but no reservation is given to the students of OBCs. This is most unjustifiable, when the Government of India have extended the principle of 27% reservation to OBCs in admissions to Higher Educational Institutions from 2007.
Similarly when reservation is given to students of SCs and STs for admission into Medical Colleges out of the central pool acquired through quota of 15% seats and for admission into PG Medical Courses, out of central pool acquired through the quota of 50% seats of the colleges run by State Governments and Private Agencies, such reservation is not given to OBCs.
When the Government of India have accepted and implemented the principle of providing 27% reservation to the students of OBCs for admission in Higher Educational Institutions, denial of reservation to OBCs in Medical Education out of the central pool is most unjustified. We request that the students of OBCs should also be given reservation of 27% in admission to these seats in Medical Colleges and in admission for PG Medical Courses out of Central pool.
Immediate implementation of the policy of reservation of 27% to students of OBCs for admission into Institutions of Higher Learning:
When the Government of India implemented the policy of reservation to students of OBCs for admission into Institutions of Higher Learning, people belonging to forward communities agitated and went to the Supreme Court against this principle of reservation.
After much legal battle, open debate and discussion, the Government of India decided to implement the reservation of 27% at the rate of 9% per annum in three years commencing from the year 2007. The number of seats under Open Competition has also been raised by 9% simultaneously so that the interests of the students belonging to forward communities are not affected in any way.
Even after this, this reservation of 9% per annum is not properly and fully introduced in many Institutions of Higher Learning. We request that strict action may kindly be initiated to implement this reservation of 27% in full immdiately without any further delay.
Implementation the policy of reservation to OBCs in Central Universities and IITs and IIMs without making any exception or exemption:
When the Government of India have accepted in principle and ordered implementation of the policy of providing 27% reservations to students of OBCs in all Institutions of Higher Learning, making the Central Universities, IITs and IIMs an exception for implementing such reservation is in no way justifiable.
We therefore request that necessary action may please be initiated for implementing the policy of providing reservation of 27% to students of OBCs in all Central Universities, IITs and IIMs without any exception.
Abolition of Separate Entrance Tests for AIIMS, New Delhi, JIPMER, Pondichery, Chandigarh Post Graduate Institute of Medical Science.
Conduct of separate Entrance Tests by AIMS, New Delhi, JIPMER, Pondicherry, Chandigarh Post Graduate Institute and making the students seeking admission in Medical Education Institutions to undertake so many Entrance Tests is not fair. We therefore request that steps may kindly be taken to abolish the conduct of separate entrance tests for these Medical Education Institutions.
Abolition of the practice of allotting 30% of seats in Medical Post Graduate Courses such as M.D., and M.S., to the M.B.,B.S., students of AIIMS, New Delhi:
The practice of giving 30% of seats in Medical Post Graduate Courses such as M.S.,. and M.S., to the Medical Graduates of New Delhi AIIMS is not justifiable. We request that the Government of India may kindly be convinced to give up this practice of giving 30% of P.G. seats for students of a single institution.
Implementation of other Economic Development Schemes for OBCs recommended by the Mandal Commission:
Apart from providing reservation to OBCs in Education and Employment, the Mandal Commission have also recommended many other Economic Development Schemes for implementation for the welfare of OBCs. But none of these Development Schemes were implemented so far.
We therefore request that the Government of India may kindly be requested to implement such Economic Development Schemes for OBCs as recommended by Mandal Commission.
The illegal practice hitherto followed in the UPSC of bringing the BC candidates, securing ranks in the list of Open Competition candidates, under the category of Reservation to OBCs must be stopped.
The OBC candidates securing rank in the Open Competition list must be selected only under the O.C. category. If they are selected under the reservation quota of OBCs, the opportunity of other OBC candidates getting selected under OBC reservation is denied to them.
We therefore request that suitable action may kindly be initiated to make the UPSC to strictly follow the procedure of selecting the OBC candidates, securing ranks in the list of Open Competition candidates, only under the Open Competition category and to give up the practice of including them in the list of OBC candidates selected under reservation.
We once again greet all of you for your visit to Chennai and we are confident that the discussion with OBC representatives as well as with the Officials of some of the departments in Chennai will be fruitful and beneficial to the OBCs at large.
With regards and best wishes,
President, Dravidar Kazhagam